Not all sunscreens are created equal. Creams are more consistent compared to sprays or gels and are also often water-resistant, with broad-band spectrum protection.
Sunscreen should be applied all over, on a daily basis, no matter what the weather conditions. UVA rays are out all year long while UVB rays are only active during certain months of the year. UVB rays are known as the “burning rays,” but often times the UVA rays are the more damaging rays to the skin. UVA rays suppress the immune system, which interferes with the spread of skin cancer. These rays also lead to signs of premature aging.
Sunscreen should be applied 20-30 minutes before going out and should be applied on any skin that is going to be exposed. Places people most often forget about include: the ears, hands, feet, neck, and eyelids.
The best ingredients to look for in a sunscreen are as follows:
- Avobenzone(Parsol 1789)
- Ecamsule(Mexoryl SX)
- Menthyl Anthranilate
- Octyl Salicylate
- Titanium Dioxide
- Zinc Oxide
These are the ingredients that test the highest in case studies for efficacy purposes.